OpenID Connect

Kubernetes natively supports OpenID Connect as an authentication method adding external and more granular access control to your SKS cluster via this OAuth2 version found in many identity providers.

At creation time, a SKS cluster can be launched specifying the OpenID Connect parameters so that no further configuration is required to get access to the Kubernetes control plane management.

This feature is accessible via the exo command line with the following format:

      --oidc-client-id string                  OpenID client ID
      --oidc-groups-claim string               OpenID JWT claim to use as the user's group
      --oidc-groups-prefix string              OpenID prefix prepended to group claims
      --oidc-issuer-url string                 OpenID provider URL
      --oidc-required-claim string             a key=value pair that describes a required claim in the OpenID Token
      --oidc-username-claim string             OpenID JWT claim to use as the user name
      --oidc-username-prefix string            OpenID prefix prepended to username claims

At this time neither Exoscale nor Kubernetes provides an OpenID Connect Identity Provider. You can use an existing public OpenID Connect Identity Provider or you can run your own Identity Provider, such as Dex, Keycloak, or others.


SKS Clusters and Nodepools support labels similarly to compute instance labels. Labels can be associated with clusters and Nodepools to help classify and organize them.

The --label key=value and --nodepool-label options can be passed to the exo compute sks create command in order to add labels to your clusters or Nodepools. The sks nodepool add command also supports --label.

The labels options can be repeated in order to add multiple labels to an entity.

Labels in the ‘’ namespace must begin with an allowed prefix (‘’, ‘’) or be in the specifically allowed set (‘’, ‘’, ‘’, ‘’, ‘’, ‘’, ‘’, ‘’, ‘’, ‘’, ‘’)

If you need another label in the ‘’ namespace, you will need to set it after the nodes are registered with:

kubectl label node NODE-NAME

Managed Compute instances prefixes

By default, Compute instances managed by an SKS Nodepool are named pool-<first 5 chars of the underlying instance pool ID>-<random string>.

This pattern can be customized by passing the --instance-prefix parameter during a Nodepool creation/update. For example, if you specify --instance-prefix=applications, pool will be replaced by applications in the Compute instance names.


Node affinity is a property of pods that attracts them to a set of nodes. Taints, on the other hand, are the opposite: they allow a node to repel a set of pods. To discover more about Taints and Toleration, check out the official documentation about taints & tolerations

To associate taints on your nodepool workers you can use --nodepool-taint=KEY=VALUE:EFFECT option, for instance: --nodepool-taint=type=GPU:NoSchedule.

Once a taint is registered on a nodepool worker, only pods with tolerations will be scheduled for that worker.

Taints options can be repeated in order to register multiple taints.

Removing kube-proxy from your cluster

Some CNI plugins support replacement of kube-proxy in favor of internal better-optimized solution.

NOTE: If you deploy your SKS clusters with a pre-configured CNI plugin, you are NOT concerned by this situation as this is already handled by our SKS orchestrator.

An example of such case is a custom deployment of Cilium with “strict” kube-proxy replacement.

In this specific situation, you would ideally remove kube-proxy before any Pods are scheduled in the cluster. To achieve this, just remove the kube-proxy DaemonSet from the kube-system namespace:

kubectl -n kube-system delete ds kube-proxy

Then deploy your custom CNI configuration.